Auction 67 Judaica - Books, Manuscripts, Rabbinical Letters, Ceremonial Art
Sep 18, 2019 (Your local time)
 8 Ramban St, Jerusalem.
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LOT 24:

Manuscript - Poem of Thanksgiving for the "Purim Sheni" Miracle in Cuneo, Italy - "Purim della Bomba" - Cuneo ...

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Sold for: $460
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Manuscript - Poem of Thanksgiving for the "Purim Sheni" Miracle in Cuneo, Italy - "Purim della Bomba" - Cuneo, 18th/19th Century
Manuscript, poem of thanksgiving for the miraculous "Purim Sheni" (second Purim) salvation of the Cuneo community, Italy, during the Napoleonic wars. [Cuneo, Italy, 18th/19th century].
Italian square script, vocalized, on thick paper. The poem consists of 20 stanzas of eight lines. Owner's signature on the first leaf: "Yechiel Lattes", and other inscriptions. This poem was composed in commemoration of the events which occurred in the Cuneo community during the battles against Napoleon, and the miraculous
survival of the Jews from the shelling of the synagogue during the bombardment of the city. This event was celebrated every year in the community as a "Purim Sheni", and was dubbed "Purim della Bomba" (Purim of the bomb). This piyyut, which offers a poetic description of the events of 4th Kislev 1799, was recited every year in commemoration of the miracle.
The Jewish communities of Piedmont, Italy, including that of Cuneo, had their roots in the renowned Provence (southern France) communities, which emigrated from Provence following the papal bull of 1569 restricting their settlement. Due to their geographic closeness to several borders and to an international crossroad, the Jews of Piedmont suffered from many wars and sieges from the various European armies, as they passed through the divided Italian territory.
The event documented in this poem took place at the end of 1799, when a small division of Napoleon's army took position in the city, and attempted to defend themselves against the Russian and Austrian troops besieging the city. The battle extended over three months, during which the Jews of the city endured shelling, starvation and illnesses, as well as violence and acts of vengeance from the local population. Following heavy bombardment, the French troops retreated, and the city was conquered by the Austro-Russian forces. During the shelling, a cannonball hit the wall of the synagogue, while it was full of praying Jews, and miraculously, no one was hurt. In commemoration of this miracle, the community instituted a "Purim Sheni", celebrated every year for over a century (until the Holocaust). This day was marked with the recital of the complete Hallel and piyyutim, nocturnal Torah study, the distribution of charity to the poor, and a festive meal.
The hole which the cannonball made in the wall of the Cuneo synagogue remains until this day, with a sign beside it reading: "For the miracle which occurred here".
[8] leaves (including two blank leaves). Thick paper. 20 cm. Overall good condition. Stains. Dark stains in several places. Tear to first leaf. Old binding.

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