Auction 120 Special
Mar 3, 2020 (your local time)
 3 Shatner Center 1st Floor Givat Shaul Jerusalem
The auction has ended

LOT 136:

The Immortal Piano of Siena. Turin, Early 19th Century

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Start price:
$ 300,000
Estimated price:
$1,500,000 - $2,000,000
Auction house commission: 22%
VAT: 17% On commission only

The Immortal Piano of Siena. Turin, Early 19th Century

The story of this piano starts at the beginning of the 19th century, when a harpsichord maker from Turin, Italy, named Sebastian Marchisio worked on building a new piano. Many legends have been told about the raw materials used by Marchisio. Inter alia, it is claimed that the source of wood for the piano was from the trees Hiram brought to King Solomon for the building of the first Temple.

Sebastian managed to finish the resonance box before he passed away, but not the whole piano. His son Enrico continued building the piano, and after his son Enrico's death, his grandsons Luciano and Raffaelo, talented craftsmen in their own right, made some changes, including adding strings, keys and hammers, while leaving the original resonance box built by their grandfather. The work was finally completed c. 1825. The new piano had a unique tone, unlike any instrument built until that time. The combination of Sebastian's original resonance box and the enhancements contributed by his grandchildren created a more delicate sound than the pianos of those days, much like a harpsichord, yet more powerful, like a piano.

The piano was given as a present to their sister, Sebastian's granddaughter, Rebecca, who lived in Siena. The piano became very famous there, as it was frequently featured at festive events in the city. Toward the 1860s, the marquis of Siena ordered a a more magnificent appearance to be given to the piano. Sculptor Nicodemo Ferri, Rebecca's son, and great-grandson of the original creator of the piano, Sebastian, together with his cousin, architect and painter Carlo Bartolozzi were commissioned for this work. They produced the piano's magnificent and impressive frame and its cover, which remain to this day. The design includes portraits of famous composers - Mozart, Handel and others. At center, they carved David's harp, as well as lions, cherubs and more. The refurbished piano is considered one of the most beautiful and impressive musical instruments in the world. Furthermore, the new design also included new technology - a staticofone, an iron-reinforced frame, which enhanced the sound. In 1867, after the piano's design was completed, it was sent to Paris for the World's Fair which took place there that year. The piano was exhibited in the Italian Pavilion, where renowned pianist Camille Saint-Saëns was one of the many who played it there.

A year later, in 1868, the city of Siena (after convincing Ferri) gave it to King (then Prince) Umberto I on the occasion of his marriage to Margherita, princess of Savoy, with pianist Franz Liszt playing on it at the ceremony. Liszt also played it on other occasions in later years. Umberto was crowned king of Italy in 1878, and the piano earned the name "The King's Piano." The piano was transferred to Palazzo del Quirinale. It remained there for approximately 70 years, serving the royal family. Queen Margherita often entertained in the palace's music room, where the piano stood, and it is reported to have been her favorite instrument.

During the 1880s, a Jew named Mattis Yanowski, a refugee from Czarist Russia, performed before King Umberto, performing wondrously. After the performance, the king approached Yanowski, complimented his playing. He told him about the wondrous piano in his possession, justifiably nicknamed "David's Harp, " and he invited him to play at his palace. The invitation and the description of the piano left a great impression on Yanowski, but the king's murder prevented Yanowski from seeing the piano and it remained an unrealized dream. On his deathbed, Yanowski extracted a promise from his grandson Avner Carmi, one of the first piano makers and tuners in the Land of Israel, to go see the legendary piano in Rome. Carmi first traveled to Berlin in 1920 with the goal of studying music and piano tuning. On his way, he went to Rome and attempted unsuccessfully to get into the palace to see the piano. He visited Rome several times more over the following years, but each time, he did not manage to see the legendary piano. Once, he was even arrested by the palace guards, and released with his friend Arthur Schnabel's intervention.

Carmi was drafted to the British army during WWII, and he served in Egypt. One day, soldiers from his unit who were searching for mines using metal detectors, discovered a plaster-covered piano buried in the sand, and brought it with them. The unit's officers wanted to discard the piano, but Carmi convinced them to hold on to it as a means to entertain the soldiers. In a strange twist of fate, Carmi himself did not realize that this was the piano he had been seeking all those years. After the war, the piano was sold at auction in Gaza City, where a Tel Aviv dealer bought it. Carmi despaired of searching for the legendary piano while visiting Monza after the British conquest, when he discovered that the piano had been looted by a senior Nazi officier, apparently Rommel himself. When he returned to Tel Aviv, he met that same dealer who had bought the piano in Gaza. He bought it from him for next to nothing because the crowding at the dealer's store was insufferable.

Carmi began refurbishing it, and much to his amazement, after discarding a few pieces of plaster from the piano, carved cherubic figures peeked out at him from the wood. As he continued to work, he realized that the legendary piano he had been searching for over the years now stood in his living room. Excited, Carmi wrote to the king of Italy to him tell he had the piano, and that he had commenced the grueling work of restoring it. It took him three years and 90 liters of acetone to recreate its external appearance. Carmi then traveled to the United States with the piano, where he restored its original special sound. The piano starred in American media with the best musicians of the day playing it, such as Arthur Rubinstein, Penina Saltzman, Charles Rosen, Alfred Cortot and others. Many articles and extensive write-ups have covered it. There was an attempt to produce a movie about it, but Avner Carmi passed away before this idea was realized.

Carmi's children eventually sold the piano to a private collector.

Upright piano, 168 cm wide, 126 cm high, 67.5 cm deep. 


Fine condition. Right side shows three cracks in the wood; two of the lion's legs are lacking. Left side shows three cracks in the wood (2 small cracks and 1 larger); one of the lion's legs is lacking. Torn strings (from left to right): 28, 50, 52, 53 and 61. Cracked right bridge. Sold as is.

NB: VAT should be added to the commission for foreign residents as well.

Please contact Winner'S office to arrange a meeting to examine the piano.

This item has a Reserve Price.

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